Treatment for Concussion is available all over the USA (if you know where to look)

Brain injury due to concussion (TBI) has been in the media lately thanks to the movie CONCUSSION starring Will Smith, but the missing piece is treatment – no media attention to that aspect. Cutting edge evaluation and treatment strategies have not been brought to the public.  Many people continue to suffer because they and their doctors are unaware and they have not been treated. 

With a TBI taking place every 20 seconds in the USA,  you or someone you know has experienced a concussion and not fully recovered.  Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy [HBOT] promotes brain healing through mechanisms of suppressing inflammation, increasing by 20X the amount of oxygen available to injured brain cells, growth of blood vessels and new neurons, promoting stem cell mobilization, and direct cellular healing through increased oxygen delivery. Put simply, HBOT increases a wide variety of beneficial brain-healing processes and interrupts destructive processes in  the destructive “Neurometabolic Cascade of Concussion” like inflammation and cell death. Researchers have an accumulation of before and after brain scans and videos demonstrating the positive healing effects of HBOT for concussion.

Modern medicine struggles with treating physical brain injuries, these “invisible wounds,” because of the desire to find a magic pill never mind decades of the myth that there is no treatment and that most concussions heal on their own. Sadly, the standard protocol for Concussions and TBI is “watchful waiting.” If you are less fortunate you get applied with psychoactive medications be they black boxed antidepressants or other invasive procedures. 

Despite all that has been learned in the last few decades, the standard of care for concussions around the world remains “watchful waiting”. 

Even basic nutrition advice – never mind brain-food supplements such as omega 3 fish oil, is still not provided for TBI victims –  it is straight to a prescription antidepressant, if watchful waiting doesn’t work. Multiple concussions are additive in the context of acceleration of damage. Research all over the world, especially in the USA, is showing how multiple hits to the head, whether from sports or war, leads to degenerative brain damage, depression, dementia and/or Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE).

But there is a treatment – in multiple peer-reviewed journals and articles worldwide, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy has been shown to help in the healing of underlying brain injury typically suffered in mild to moderate traumatic brain injuries, of which concussion is a sub-set.

Much more about HBOT and treating TBI/PTSD/CTE can be found at the website of the Hyperbaric oxygen Clinic of San Francisco: .

This hyperbaric oxygen clinic is part of the Azzolino Concussion Clinic where TBI victims are evaluated using vanguard modalities and treated with an array of effective interventions. But there are hyperbaric chambers all over the USA, and they could be getting used to treat TBI yet they are not.

Drs. Stoller and Azzolino advise the One Hit Away Foundation in the Bay Area  which helps sports related TBI victims.

Contact: Amanda or Siobhán 415 563-3800

 For research into the role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in treating and helping heal the results of Concussion/Traumatic Brain Injury, see:


[a] Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Can Improve Post Concussion Syndrome Years after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury – Randomized Prospective Trial

[b] Hyperbaric Oxygen Induces Late Neuroplasticity in Post Stroke Patients – Randomized, Prospective Trial  

[c] Hyperbaric oxygen may induce angiogenesis in patients suffering from prolonged post-concussion syndrome due to traumatic brain injury. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2015 Oct 7.

[d] Hyperbaric oxygen can induce neuroplasticity and improve cognitive functions of patients suffering from anoxic brain damage. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 33 (2015) 471–486

[e] Reflections on the neurotherapeutic  effects of hyperbaric oxygen

 [f]  Chamber of Hopes for Brain Repair. Eshel Ben-Jacob , PhD. January, 27, 2013. 

 [g] Stoller KP. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (1.5 ATA) in treating sports related TBI/CTE: two case reports. Med Gas Res. 2011;1(1):17. PMCID: 3231948.

 [h] Paul G. Harch, Susan R. Andrews, Edward F. Fogarty, Daniel Amen, John C. Pezzullo, Juliette Lucarini, Claire Aubrey, Derek V. Taylor, Paul K. Staab, and Keith W. Van Meter. A phase I study of low-pressure hyperbaric oxygen therapy for blast-induced post-concussion syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Jan 1;29(1):168-85.

[i] Rockswold, Rockswold, Zaun and Liu. A prospective, randomized Phase II clinical trial to evaluate the effect of combined hyperbaric and normobaric hyperoxia on cerebral metabolism, intracranial pressure, oxygen toxicity, and clinical outcome in severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurosurgery, Jun 2013 / Vol. 118 / No. 6 / Pages 1317-1328

[j] Shi XY, Tang ZQ, Sun D, He XJ. Evaluation of hyperbaric oxygen treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders following traumatic brain injury. Chin Med J (Engl). 2006;119(23):1978-82.   

[k] Hardy P, Johnston KM, De Beaumont L, Montgomery DL, Lecomte JM, Soucy JP, et al. Pilot case study of the therapeutic potential of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on chronic brain injury.      J Neurol Sci. 2007;253(1-2):94-105.  

 [l] Lin JW, Tsai JT, Lee LM, Lin CM, Hung CC, Hung KS, et al. Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on patients with traumatic brain injury. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2008;101:145-9.

[m] Wright JK, Zant E, Groom K, Schlegel RE, Gilliland K. Case report: Treatment of mild traumatic brain injury with hyperbaric oxygen. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2009; 36(6):391-9.

[n] Harch PG, Fogarty EF, Staab PK, Van Meter K. Low pressure hyperbaric oxygen therapy and SPECT brain imaging in the treatment of blast-induced chronic traumatic brain injury (post-concussion syndrome) and post traumatic stress disorder: a case report. Cases J. 2009;2:6538.

[o] Sahni T, Jain M, Prasad R, Sogani SK, Singh VP. Use of hyperbaric oxygen in traumatic brain injury: Retrospective analysis of data of 20 patients treated at a tertiary care centre. Br J Neurosurg. 2011. 

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